Government's Scheme to Promote PCB Waste Treatment
JESCO plays an important role in the government's scheme to promote the safe treatment of PCB waste.
Structure of the "PCB Special Measures Law "
The "Law concerning Special Measures for Promotion of Proper Treatment of PCB Wastes (PCB Special Measures Law)(Law No.65 of 2001) " was set up by the Central Government to establish framework for the prompt, secure and appropriate treatment of PCB wastes. The law defines the obligations of PCB waste holders, former PCB manufactures, central government and local governments, sets deadlines for treatment of PCB waste, and obliges the registration and public reporting of stored PCB waste.
Certification Application for Detoxification of extremely low-level PCB wastes
To promote the appropriate treatment of PCB waste, the Ministry of the Environment implemented a certification system in Nov. 2009 for businesses detoxifying waste electrical machinery contaminated by small amounts of PCB, using sophisticated technologies (mainly combustion using dioxin-controlled incinerators) in compliance with the Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law. As of May 2012, five civillian facilities have been approved nationwide.
Government's Measures to ensure Safety of PCB Transportation
To transport wastes in Japan as a business, transportation companies need to obtain license from the prefecture (or government-decreed cities) where they wish to pickup or deliver wastes, in accordance with the Waste Management Law. To obtain license to transport PCB wastes, companies must meet requirements such as 1) airtight containers with measures to prevent leakage, 2)emergency equipment on vehicles and communication equipment for emergencies, 3)employees who handle PCBs (such as drivers) to be well acquainted with the nature of PCB, and have knowledge and skill to handle emergencies in case of an accident.
PCB waste holders must entrust licensed transportation companies to transport their PCB waste or, when transporting themselves they must follow the requirements of the prefectures or governmnent-decreed cities envolved. When carrying in PCB wastes to JESCO facilities, the transporter must also receive authorization from JESCO.
In March 2004, The Ministry of the Environment established the "PCB Waste Collection and Transport Guideline" (revised August 2011), which specifies technical requirements to adhere standards for transportation of PCB wastes, based on the Waste Management Law.
Contents of the "PCB Waste Collection and Transport Guideline"
Correlation Chart & Flow of PCB Waste Treatment
JESCO will establish and operate five regional plants nationwide, according to the PCB Waste Treatment Basic Plan, established by the Ministry of the Environment (MOE). Construction fees are subsidized by the central government, and JESCO will follow directions of the central government and the local authority.
PCB waste holders must report to prefectures the status of their PCB wastes each year, and must treat the wastes by deadline set by the government or entrust JESCO to treat the wastes by JESCO's deadlines for completion of scheduled treatment. To carry in the wastes to JESCO facilities, the holders must entrust a licensed tranportation company.